India, seventh largest country in the world, occupies
most part of the Indian subcontinent. Here is concise information on India,
one of the most important members of South Asian Association for Regional
India can be segregated into three parts geographically: the Himalayan
region, the Gangetic plain and the plateau. The Himalayan region contains
the highest mountain range in the world. The Gangetic plain is known for its
fertile land and river system. The plateau lies in the southern and central
part of the country. Land of India is watered by three water systems: the
Ganges, the Indus and the Brahmaputra. All the three rivers have their
origin in the Himalayas.
It is bordered by Nepal, Bhutan and China in north, Pakistan in the west,
and Burma and Bangladesh in the west. In South, an narrow strait seperates
it with Sri Lanka. Maldives, seperated by the waters of the Arabian Sea, is
another neighbor of India in south.
System of Government
India is a federal republic. The constitution of India defines the country
as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. India has a
bicameral parliament. Governments at centre and the states are elected by
the people. Three branches of governance are Legislature, Executive and
Since the independence, India adopted mixed economy model. Strict
government control was practised over private sector participation,
investment and trade. However, in the 90s, Indian government launched the
policy of economic liberalisation. Government control on trade and
investment was reduced and efforts were made to keep the budget deficits
down. Currently the Indian economy is among the fastest growing economies in
the world. Surging economy has opened new job opportunities in India.
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