The Indians have always been fond of jewelry. The
archaeological excavations are witness of the fact that the Indians have
been fond of jewelery since the birth of civilisation. Civilisations evolved
with the time and so did the jewelery. Over the time, it has acquired an
status which is more than a mere accessory.
Jewelry in Ancient Times
Male and female, both wore ornaments in ancient days, even from the days of
Harappa and Mohenjodaro civilisations. The ornaments were of gold and other
metals, and were often used with gems and beads. Design and material varied
according to caste, religion and geography. Necklaces, rings and bangles
have been the most popular items of jewelry. Mangalasutra has been a special
necklace worn by women. Ear-rings, toe-rings, nose-pin and ankelets have
also been fondly worn by women.
Jewelry in Medieval Times
Medieval India witnessed a change in the style of jewelry. The Mughals
introduced new techniques such as inlay work and enameling etc. The famous
Peacock Throne of Mughal emperor Shah Jehan is one of the finest examples of
gem inlay work and metal craft.
Jewelry in Modern Times
Jewelry yet fascinates the Indians. Indian jewelry consuming market is one
of the fastest-growing in the world. Modern Indian jewelry is influenced and
driven by trends in global fashion scenario. Modern Indian jewelry is known
for sheer variety of styles and patterns of ornaments. Materials like wood,
beads, lacquer, threads and glass to the more expensive such as gold,
silver, diamonds and gems are employed in making of the ornaments. Hand-made
jewelry is slowly handling over mettle to lighter and highly polished,
Jewelry and Indian Marriages
People love to wear jewelry in social functions in India. Marriage is the
most elaborate function in the Indian social scenario and jewelry is heavily
used in it. The bride, in particular, is heavily bedecked in jewelery. The
bridegroom also wears jewellery items like ring and chain. Other people also
like to flaunt their jewellery on the occasion.
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