Jaipur, which has earned the epithet 'Pink City', is the
capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. A historical city, it finds place
in most tourist itineraries in India. It is a corner of the famous Golden
Triangle tour. The city is like a newly married bride adorned with pink
veils. The old city of Jaipur is partially encircled with seven gates - the
major gates are Chandpol, Sanganeri, and Ajmeri. The 'pink city' label,
applies specifically, to the old walled quarter of the Rajasthani capital,
while in the northeast of the town. Magnificent palaces and temples, in an
assortment of styles, spanning centuries, are scattered throughout the
predominantly urban area.
History of Jaipur
||258 kilometers from Delhi
||Hindi, Rajasthani, and English
|Best Time to Visit
||October to March
|Area Calling Code
Maharaja Jai Singh, a renowned warrior and astronomer, founded the city of
Jaipur. In 1727, with Mughal power on the wane, Jai Singh decided to move
down from his capital hillside fortress at Amber, to a new site on the
plains. A Bengali architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya designed the city, using
the principles of town planning, as laid down in the Shilpa Shastra, an
ancient Hindu treatise on architecture. He built the City Palace, and the
largest stone observatory in the world, employing the same principal.
Places To Explore
Jaipur is a tourist's delight. It is an extremely colorful city with pink
and orange color buildings with magical appearance. Camel drawn carts are
characteristic of Jaipur's passing street scene. Some of the the most
magnificent palaces of the city, are the Hawa Mahal and City Palace.
Rajput Raja Sawai Pratap Singh, owes the honor of building this beautiful
five story Mahal. Hawa Mahal is not only landmark of the Jaipur city but it
is also an important tourist spot of India. Hawa Mahal is a semi octagonal
building having 152 windows, which makes the building unique from the
architectural point of view. Building is an excellent example of Rajput's
royal style of architecture. The building was built to allow royal ladies to
look at the processions and the city from the Zenana Women Quarters. The
mahal presents an enormous view of the city from its windows. It is part of
the City Palace complex and has a small archaeological museum on the same
site. The museum has a display named Jaipur past and present, which
shows us the royal history of the city.
City Palace presents a amalgam of Rajput and Mughal architecture. City
palace is the home of seven storeyed Chandra Mahal. Maharaja Jai Singh II,
built the palace. City Palace complex, is a home to several ornamented
building like Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Badal Mahal, Shri Govind Dev
Temple and the City Palace museums. Diwan-E-Am (Hall of public audience) has
intricate decorations and collection of manuscripts, Diwan-E-Khas (Hall of
private audience) has a marble pawed gallery. Mubarak Mahal has a rich
collection of costumes and textiles. There is a Clock Tower near Mubarak
Mahal. Sileh Khana has a collection of armory and weapons.
Jantar Mantar was originally built as a collection of architectural
astronomical instruments. It was built in 18th century by Maharaja Sakai Jai
Singh II. Maharaja was fond of astronomy, the observatory was the result of
his passion for astrology. The masonry instruments in the Jantar Mantar were
used to study the movement of constellations and stars in the sky. Splendid
sun-dial is still able to provide accurate time.
Central musem is located in the Ram Niwas garden in the south of the old
city. The museum houses of the portraits of the previous Jaipur Maharajas.
The royal ambience of the ancient palaces can easily be experienced here. A
large collection of costumes, and woodwork from various parts of the state,
and other miniatures and artworks can also be enjoyed here. There is also a
zoo, and an art gallery, located in the Gardens of the central museum.
A visit to Jaipur is unending journey of culture and ancient heritage of
India. There are many nearby attractions from Jaipur. About 11 kilometres
out of Jaipur, Amber was once the ancient capital of Rajasthan. The Amber
Fort is a stunning piece of Rajput architecture.
The Cenotaphs of the royal family are at Gaitore, there are cenotaphs of
the royal family of Jaipur. Opposite the Cenotaphs, is the Jal Mahal Palace,
in the middle of a lake, and reached by a causeway. Nahargarh Fort is 6.5 km
away, and is floodlit at night. Jaigarh Fort, built in 1726, is within
walking distance of Amber. Some other attractions for the tourists in Jaipur
are, the Temple of Sun God at Galta, Sisodia Rani palace and gardens,
Vidyadhar's garden, Balaji and Sanganer.
How to Get There
: Jaipur is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jodhpur,
Aurangabad, Calcutta and Varanasi by domestic flights.
Jaipur can be accessed from all the major places in Rajasthan,
Gujarat, Delhi and Mumbai by bus. Luxury buses are also available, to make
your journey comfortable.
: Trains are best means of transport to enjoy the journey as
sight seeing is freely and easily available by train. Jaipur can easily
accessed by train from any part of India.